Turkey, a major US ally, has allowed the United States to use the air base in Incirlik to launch attacks against the militant group. Those air operations were temporarily halted following the coup attempt on Friday. Kerry said that the difficulty for US planes accessing Incirlik may have been a result of planes flown in support of the coup using the air base to refuel. Secretaru of State John Kerry Image: Speaking to a crowd of supporters who called for the death penalty outside of his home in Istanbul, Erdogan said: Erdogan also called on his supporters to continue protesting the coup attempt in the streets and public squares until Friday, saying the threat against him was not completely eliminated.
Introduction Radiocarbon, or Carbon dating, was developed by W. It is perhaps one of the most widely used and best known absolute dating methods and has become an indispensable part of an archaeologist’s tool-kit. In , Libby was awarded the Nobel Prize in chemistry for radiocarbon dating. This will enable the reader to gain an appreciation of the advantages and disadvantages of this process.
Is carbon dating applied to the Qur’anic manuscripts?
An Overview, Rome, , pp.
During the Timurid period the historiographical school of Khorasan bloomed and developed into a canon that was adopted and followed beyond the Timurid period in Iran and Transoxiana. The Khorasan school set a model of creative historical writing in different historical genres, such as universal and dynastic chronicles, local histories, biographies, memoirs, etc. Although nearly all of these existed in previous times perhaps with the exception of autobiographical writings , the Timurid period witnessed their development to an unprecedented level.
In addition to a pronounced interest in local histories Herat, Samarkand, Bukhara, Balkh, etc. In all respects, the achievements of Timurid historiography can be viewed as a part of the general efflorescence of literary and scientific life in this period. At the beginning of the Timurid period, court historians were often linked to the cultural centers of central Iran, such as Shiraz or Yazd, formerly part of the Il-khanid state. By the second half of the 15th century, Samarkand and Herat entered the scene as the main centers of Timurid intellectual life.
It can certainly be stated see Woods, , p. The predominant language of Timurid historiography is Persian. Use of Chaghatay spread in literature, especially poetry, at Timurid courts throughout the 15th century Borovkov, pp. Unfortunately, these chronicles are not extant today but are known only through quotations in other sources Woods, , p. From the early 16th century onwards many other works were composed in Chaghatay.
___ Satellite View and Map of the City of Tehran (تهران Tehrān)
Ctesias and Xenophon date the appearance of eunuchs in Persia to the time of Cyrus the Great. It is possible that the Persians adopted the practice of castration from the Babylonians or Assyrians Cook, p. The Book of Esther 1: Herodotus tells how a certain Hermotimus of Pedasa in Caria was captured by his enemies and sold to Panionius, a slave-dealer who bought boys of great beauty, castrated them, and sold them in Sardis or Ephesus.
I, Reprint of the third edition, Vita e Pensiero, Milan, , pp.
The country was formerly known as Persia. Mount Damavand, Elburz mountains, Iran Image: Most of the country is situated on the Iranian Plateau a geological formation in Western and Central Asia , with the exception of the coastal regions at the Caspian Sea and the Khuzestan Province in south west at the Persian Gulf. In north is the Elburz or Alborz mountain range that stretches from the border of Azerbaijan along the western and entire southern coast of the Caspian Sea.
Mount Damavand at 5, m 18, ft , Iran’s highest mountain, is located in the Elburz mountain range. The country has a population of 79 million people in [ 1 ]. Largest city and capital is Tehran. Official religion is Shia Islam. Iran is historically known as Persia, the Persian Empire was one of the greatest empires of the ancient world with a series of imperial dynasties.
And what about the dried doum-palm fruit, which has been giving off a worrisome fungusy scent ever since it was dropped in a brandy snifter of hot water and sampled as a tea? At last, Patrick McGovern, a year-old archaeologist, wanders into the little pub, an oddity among the hip young brewers in their sweat shirts and flannel.
Proper to the point of primness, the University of Pennsylvania adjunct professor sports a crisp polo shirt, pressed khakis and well-tended loafers; his wire spectacles peek out from a blizzard of white hair and beard. But Calagione, grinning broadly, greets the dignified visitor like a treasured drinking buddy.
In Europe and in Japan, there are other vaccines available against rubella and hepatitis A, produced using non-human cell lines.
It concerns vaccines containing live viruses which have been prepared from human cell lines of fetal origin, using tissues from aborted human fetuses as a source of such cells. The best known, and perhaps the most important due to its vast distribution and its use on an almost universal level, is the vaccine against Rubella — German measles.
Rubella and its vaccine Rubella — German measles —  is a viral illness caused by a Togavirus of the genus Rubivirus and is characterized by a maculopapular rash. It consists of an infection which is common in infancy and has no clinical manifestations in one case out of two, is self-limiting and usually benign. Nonetheless, the German measles virus is one of the most pathological infective agents for the embryo and fetus.
The virus replicates itself in the placenta and infects the fetus, causing the constellation of abnormalities denoted by the name of Congenital Rubella Syndrome. For example, the severe epidemic of German measles which affected a huge part of the United States in thus caused 20, cases of congenital rubella , resulting in 11, abortions — spontaneous or surgical — 2, neonatal deaths, 11, cases of deafness, 3, cases of blindness, 1, cases of mental retardation.
Ctesias and Xenophon date the appearance of eunuchs in Persia to the time of Cyrus the Great.
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This genre became extremely popular in the late Timurid period.